Persian Care 101

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Caring for a Persian cat is very important to maintain their beauty and health!

Please be a responsible cat owner

Coat Care

Daily grooming is very important. You should get your kitten used to a routine from a young age.There are two types of coat problems you may encounter: tangles and mats.Tangles are mildly snarled bits of hair. Mats are severe tangles. Both can be avoided with regular daily brushing and grooming.Using a metal comb takes out the dead hair without removing the healthy coat. Brushes should not be used as a daily grooming tool because the brush does not get down deep enough to prevent those tiny mats. I use a slicker brush only for “fluffing”. The best way to avoid mats and hairballs is to brush your cats coat everyday with a greyhound-style comb to get through the coat without snagging or breakage. Using the best Persian cat brush products will make avoiding tangles and mats much easier. Bathe every month with specific shampoos for cats that respects the pH of their skin. A good shampoo to use for maintenance is Earthbath brand products. For a healthy, shiny coat, supplementing omega-3 fatty acids in your cat’s diet can help strengthen his/her fur, reduce shedding, reduce dryness and dandruff, and make your cat’s coat gleam. The most pure, natural source of Omega-3 is Moxxor. Your cat will thank you!

Eye Care

Routine eye care is important too. Whether your Persians kitten is a traditional doll-face (the original) or a flat-face (peke-face), eye tearing and tear drainage is common. It is important to keep your cats eyes clean, as infection can develop if the eyes are "crusty" from dried tears. Seasonal allergies can lead to more watering than usual. In most cases, some orange or brown color tears from Persians is not a sign of a bad infection, so don’t worry too much that there is something wrong with your cat.

A bit of preventive care and close attention to the under eye area will keep your kitties eyes healthy and looking their absolute best!  Cliny Eye Cleaner is the product that I use once a week to clean the skin around my Persians eyes to prevent infection. Vetericyn Plus Antimicrobial Eye Wash is another product that I use. It is good for daily use if needed. I also give my cats a daily treat called NaturVet – Tear Stain Plus Lutein, its a tasty soft chew that taste like a treat but helps to remove and prevent tear stains. I also helps support the immune system. 

Ear Care

It is advisable to clean your kittens ears weekly (not daily). Persian cats produce more or less earwax according to each cat. Buildup in the ear can cause infections, discomfort and even hearing loss, all of which are easily avoidable with routine ear cleaning to prevent mites, fungi, or bacterial infections. I use Zymox  Ear Cleaner.

Claw Trimming

You should trim your Persian cat's claws every 2 weeks. If you choose to have your Persian professionally groomed, nail trimming is usually included. Here is a great article on how to clip your cat's claws.

Declawing is cruel and should NEVER be performed on a cat. In fact, it has been outlawed in many countries and several US states. Declawing traditionally involves the amputation of the last bone of each toe. If performed on a human being, it would be like cutting off each finger at the last knuckle. It is an unnecessary surgery that provides no medical benefit to the cat. Educated pet parents can easily train their cats to use their claws in a manner that allows everyone in the household to live together happily. There is a wide variety of cat scratchers to keep your kitty from using the furniture to sharpen his/her claws.

 

Food, Water, and Dishes

The benefits of feeding quality food cannot be understated. I feed my Persians and kittens twice daily with high quality food because good nutrition means better overall health, greater body and coat. The amount of costs you will save later in your Persians life is also a plus. I have tried many different foods and I feel the most suitable diet for Persians (obligate carnivores) is Orijen Cat & Kitten mixed with any one of the next five types of wet food (I alternate between them all because Persians are finicky and get bored) Fruitables Pureed Pumpkin Digestive Supplement.  Koha Weruva Fromm and/or as an alternative to canned food my cats and kittens love Honest Kitchen Turkey recipe.  I always top the dry/wet mixture off with a splash of bone broth to boost their immune system and maintain joint health. I only feed my Persians turkey (mostly) because of food allergies and food intolerance caused by a reaction to certain ingredient, which is usually a protein. Click here for more information. Food allergies and intolerance can occur and last a lifetime.

Another highly recommended and very important supplement that I give my Persians is Moxxor. It is an organically grown source of omega 3 called greenlip mussel oil (free of mercury, toxins and other pollutants)  Not only are omega 3 fatty acids good for the skin and a healthy shinny coat, they are essential for Itch and Inflammation relief, a boost to the immune system, helps to manage joint pain, beneficial for the heart, brain and nervous system function, as well as growth and development. With a regular omega-3 fatty acid supplementation schedule, you can help keep your Persian healthy and looking beautiful, throughout all his/her (nine) lives! If you’d like more info, please click here to read an article on Omega-3s 

When selecting food dishes, the best options are ceramic, stainless steel or melamine (a non-toxic, non-allergenic compound) Clean your Persians bowl after every feeding to ensure that no harmful bacteria develops inside the bowl. This will prevent health issues such as chin acne. Plastic is the most common food/water dish but is not ideal because they are very porous, and easily harbors harmful bacteria. Flat-faced (brachycephalic) Persians prefer dishes that are shallow as their flat faces make it more challenging for them to reach into a deep bowl, also, making it difficult for Persians to eat all of their food. My favorites are these two unique raised feeders Catswall multi-cat raised feeder and the UPSKY Peto Cat Bowl.

Water intake is extremely important, lack of fluid (chronic dehydration) can cause urinary tract disease. Here is an interesting and informative article about "The Best Water for Cats to Drink" Drinking out of a water bowl is not the best option for Persians. Sticking their face in the water to get a drink also means getting those lovely whiskers wet and It would be very uncomfortable, with the water going up their noses or getting in their eyes. A fountain allows Persians to get a drink without submerging their face in the water. I have tried many of "the best" but found that the majority of the fountains on the market are hard to clean and required cleaning way too often! I was about to give up until I found the PETKIT Eversweet Dog and Cat Smart Waterer. My Persians and I love it!

Litter Box Training

Cats instinctively know how to use the litter box, so your kitten will already have learned how to use the litter box from their mother before they come to live with you. Here is an article that can help with the transition into your home. I know there is a wide variety of litter & boxes, but I highly recommend not changing from what your kitten is used to at first. Remember, accidents will happen. Even the smartest kitten is bound to have an occasional accident. Whatever you do, don't punish him/her. Praise your kitten when he/she does use the litter box and maybe offer a small reward, like a treat and you'll soon be back on track. Upon your kitten's arrival in his/her new home, immediately show your kitten where the litter box is located. Watch closely at first and be sure to put him/her in there after meals, long naps and especially if you see them sniffing around or wondering around meowing as if trying to tell you they can't remember where the box is. 

 

Clay litter products are harmful to cats, the dust particles can cause gastrointestinal distress and is linked to upper respiratory issues. Cats can be allergic to the fine dust or the scent can cause allergy symptoms such as sneezing, runny eyes or frequent scratching. So Phresh Extreme Clumping Scented Grass Seed Cat Litter is my preference but I also use another system that is very economical and works great, however its too high to use with the kittens while training. I created a doc. for easy instructions, click here.

Cleaning your Cat's Environment 

It is extremely important to your cats health to remember cats lick their paws so using animal health disinfectant products to clean your cats environment is crucial. I HIGHLY recommend a high level disinfectant cleaner called Rescue  as a daily all-purpose surface (non-food contact sanitizing) cleaner as well as a deep clean. Something else to consider to safe guard you & your kitty is DioxiGuard 72 PLUS. Spray this product on your Persian and your clothing to prevent acquiring diseases before and after you take your Persian to the vet's office, groomer, pet store, when you are around other animals, or even when visitors come into your home.

Exercise

Exercise helps your cat maintain a healthy body weight, keep their muscles toned and strong, and keep their mind alert. You should try to spend about 10-15 minutes a few times each day engaging your Persian in some form of activity. Exercise can be fun and can offer you the opportunity to bond with your kitten. The following list will give you a few ideas...

  • The multi-tiered “cat towers” sold online and in pet stores are a good way to ensure that your cat will have plenty of places to play and areas to climb for a good workout. 

  • Keep plenty of toys around because the best strategy for a cats workout is to give them plenty of options in the form of toys. These toys don’t have to be expensive toys from the pet store either, you can use everyday household objects as toys to encourage cats to exercise. Putting Ping-pong balls in a large cardboard box, or using the bathtub to create an instant “hockey rink” for your cat. As the ball goes flying off the walls (and the cat goes flying after it), you’ll get some laughs and your cat will get some exercise!

  • Have fun with lasers. Few things will entertain you more — or have your cat moving faster. Laser toys are often good entertainment, but follow it up with a real toy to avoid frustration over never being able to catch the light beam. Be sure to never shine the beam directly into the cat’s eyes.

  • A  "teaser" is extremely satisfying for the big hunter in your little cat.

  • Catnip is a useful tool for getting your cat to exercise, but it’s best to use it only in the proper situations. Remember that not all cats respond to catnip, and a few will become aggressive. (I personally don't have anything with catnip).

Behavior and Training

Cats are highly intelligent animals, and they have the ability to learn a variety of behaviors and tricks.  It’s important to begin training your kitten as soon as possible so he/she be able to grow up to learn and respect the boundaries of your home. Despite the fact that Persians have a passive personas, Persians are cats after all, and they can display normal feline behavior gone wrong, such as, jumping on the counter, play fighting and furniture scratching, which can frustrate any pet owner. You can correct these bad habits, however, if you address them when your Persian is a kitten. The Spruce Pets website has several articles concerning pet behavior such as How to Introduce Your Adult Cat to a New KittenHow to stop cats from biting and scratching How to Stop Your Cat From Scratching the Carpet​ and many other issues.

Vaccines

Preventative health care is essential. Vaccinating your cat has long been considered one of the easiest ways to help him or her live a long, healthy life. Your kitten will have the “1st” set of shots — vaccinated for Feline leukemia virus (FeLV), FHCPCh vaccine (as an aid in the prevention of disease caused by feline rhinotracheitis, calici, and panleukopenia viruses and Chlamydia), and Strongid (dewormer) before you take him/her home. Continued care is very important to keep your kittens immune system healthy. The kitten will need the 2nd shots along with other wellness care. Vaccination appointments are performed by a vet, and should be a routine part of the care of all cats throughout their life. 

 

Neutering/Spaying

I cannot emphasize enough the importance of spaying or neutering your cat or kitten.  For male cats, neutering removes obnoxious hormones that cause your cat to become more aggressive and territorial, which means he is more likely to spray or “mark” the house. The urine of neutered males is free of the very strong, house permeating odorous urine. For females, there is a high risk of pyometra (uterine infection) if they are not spayed. This is very painful for the female cat, and can often be fatal. 

Here is a very informative article about early neutering, additionally, here is a link to an article in CATWATCH newsletter about Alternatives for Surgical Sterilization

 

Dispelling common myths of spaying and neutering:

  • Myth #1: Altered pets become fat and lazy. This myth is simply not true — if an altered pet becomes fat and lazy, it is not due to the sterilization, but because the pets' owners feed them too much and do not encourage them to exercise. Any altered pet fed in proper amounts and that receives adequate exercise will not become fat and lazy.

  • Myth #2: It is better to let a female cat have one litter before spaying her. No medical evidence exists to support the belief that having a litter is good for a pet. It's just not true.

  • Myth #3: I wanted my children to experience the miracle of birth. Letting a cat have a litter of kittens that may not get homes is really teaching children that animals can be created and discarded to suit people. Instead, parents should explain to their children that the real miracle is life and that preventing the births of unwanted animals can save the lives of others. 

  • Myth #4: Some owners feel that their pets are unique, and by breeding them, they will produce offspring with the same unique characteristics. Breeding a special pet does NOT guarantee that the coveted traits will be passed on to the next generation; in fact, the resulting litter could receive all the pet's and its mate's worst characteristics! 

  • Myth #5: My cat is a purebred, and this justifies breeding it. Twenty-five percent of all the animals surrendered to shelters each year are purebreds — PLEASE do not contribute to this figure.

Responsible Pet Ownership

Sharing a home with a much-loved cat is one of life's greatest pleasures. It is important to ensure that cats are kept in harmony with the rest of the community and the environment.

To reduce some of the problems associated with cats in our society and to ensure that both cats and humans gain maximum benefit from this special relationship, all cat owners should follow the...

Ten Commandments of Responsible Pet Ownership:

  1. Choose the right cat. Think carefully before getting a kitten and choose a breed that will fit your lifestyle.

  2. Identify your cat in case it gets lost. Identification can be by microchip or a tag with your phone number, attached to an elasticized collar.

  3. Keep your cat inside for it's own safety and to prevent it from hunting, getting hunted, lost, or run over. Encourage your cat to stay at home by creating a caring, interesting, and attractive environment. Cats need places to climb, cubbies to hide in, things to scratch, and someone with whom to play. Catios are awesome!

  4. Care for your cat and meet it's needs for fresh food, clean water, shelter, grooming, play, and companionship.

  5. Socialize your cat. Spend quality time with your kitten, and introduce it to other animals and people when it is young and impressionable so that it grows into a loving and well-adjusted animal.

  6. Groom your cat regularly.

  7. Vaccinate your cat every year, worm your cat every three months, and if your cat is acting differently, see your Vet.

  8. Use a sturdy cage to transport your cat whenever it is off your property.

  9. Spay or neuter your cat.

Veterinary Care

A cat-only Veterinary clinic is what I recommend...click HERE to read more and I think you'll agree. I found my feline friendly Veterinary through Catvets.com. The Pet Annual Wellness Plan (PAW) for your kitty is also a good idea to keep your fur-baby healthy and happy at every stage of life. In the event of an emergency, be prepared and keep an emergency clinic number on hand.

Bringing your Kitten Home

  • KITTENS MAY LEAVE FOR THEIR NEW HOME AT 12 WEEKS OF AGE, depending on the maturity of each kitten. Here is a very well written article titled How Young is Too Young by Barbara C. French.

  • Kitty Cature Cattery accepts pickups only, no delivery and/or off-site transaction sites. You must have a face to face meeting with me, the breeder, before finalizing the transfer of kitten(s). This assures compliance with The United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Kitty Cature is not a retail pet store. This is a passionate hobby.

  • Each adopted Kitten will go home with a complementary kitten care package including the following: kitten food, a set of feeding bowls, toys that he/she is familiar with, and other miscellaneous items to help make the transition of your new fur-baby easier! Pictured below is an example of what one looks like.

  • Each adopted kitten will go home with their up-to-date vaccination records along with a health guarantee (explained in my Contract).

  • You will need a cat carrier. It is always safer for a pet to travel in a carrier while in a car. I will NOT let any of my kittens leave without a carrier, especially from the house to the car because Lil' kitty could escape. Kittens are usually scared and can easily get hurt if not placed securely in a carrier. I have cardboard carriers available to purchase for $10.00 (pictured below).

Meeting the Family

Naturally, everyone in the family, especially the kids, will be excited to see the new arrival. Children should be asked to meet the new kitty calmly and quietly. Have them sit on the floor and allow the kitten to come to them to investigate. Have the child hold out a hand to be sniffed or pull a toy around for it to see.​ Cats are, by nature, highly territorial, which means they need a place to call their own: it is important to their emotional well-being. It is best to have a special "kitty corner" ready when he/she arrives that has toys, (especially interactive toys), a tower and a cubby hole. This way your kitty will feel safe in this area and can watch until ready to interact with the new family. (remember to put a litter box and food/water bowls close by). 

 

Your goal is to help make your furry family member feels comfortable and safe as quickly as possible. Your new kitten is already in a state of stress from the being put in the carrier without momma or siblings, the scary car ride, and having been brought to a new home with new people in strange surroundings. Be sure that you continue with the same food and litter your new kitten is used to as they are undergoing enough changes as it is. Just as you wouldn't leave a toddler home alone to run around unsupervised, it doesn't make sense to leave kittens unsupervised either. You would be surprised at the places they can find to hide that you didn't know existed. Some shy cats and kittens may hide under a piece of furniture while others will be ready to come out and explore right away. Spend as much time as possible in the room with the kitten, speaking gently and soothingly, but don't try to force it out of hiding. The cat will let you know when it is ready to begin exploring more of the house.

Picking a new kitten up off the ground usually frightens it, whether by a child or an adult. Be sure to teach children how to hold a cat properly with one hand under the bum and one under the front legs, held up against their body. A kitten should never be held against its will....It will not want to be held at all if it thinks you won't let it go when it wants. Be sure children understand this and never leave the very young alone with a kitten. Make sure to also kitty proof the house. One way to is wrap up cords that are easily accessible and chew-able to kittens. Never allow a child to encourage a kitten to pounce on their fingers. It may seem cute at first, but soon becomes a very painful game. Your hand should never be considered a play thing.

Toxic Plants

Just like with human babies, we go to great lengths to safeguard our fur babies — which is why we're always hiding little dangers like rubber bands and cleaning supplies. But what you may not know is that it's totally possible you have poisonous items that can kill your cat hanging out in plain sight in the form of that lovely little plant on your coffee table.

There are over 700 varieties of plants that can be harmful to your cat if ingested; below are 12 of the most common. Tina Wismer, veterinarian and medical director of the ASPCA’s poison control center, suggests if you suspect your cat has eaten any part of the plants listed below, whether or not its showing symptoms, call your vet immediately.

1. Lilies (all varieties) 

2. Any calcium oxalate plants — including philodendrons. Chinese evergreens, Virginia creepers, spinach, agaves, tea leaves, rhubarb and taro. 

3. Dracaena plants — There are about 40 varieties of this popular, leafy houseplant, including the dragon plant. 

4. Autumn crocus 

5. Daffodils 

6. Tulips 

7. Sago palm

8. Azaleas/rhododendrons

9. Kalanchoe 

10. Marijuana

11. Aloe Vera

12. Ivy (all forms)

Excerpts taken from this article, which also contains more details...please read more.

Information on this site is for general informational purposes only and is provided without warranty or guarantee of any kind. This site is not intended to replace professional advice from your own veterinarian and nothing on this site is intended as a medical diagnosis or treatment. Any questions about your animal's health should be directed to your veterinarian.

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