Persian Care 101
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Caring for a Persian cat is very important to maintain their beauty and health!
Please be a responsible cat owner
Daily grooming is very important. You should get your kitten used to a routine from a young age. There are two types of coat problems you may encounter: tangles and mats. Tangles are mildly snarled bits of hair. Mats are severe tangles. Both can be avoided with regular daily brushing and grooming.
Using a metal comb takes out the dead hair without removing the healthy coat. Brushes should not be used as a daily grooming tool because the brush does not get down deep enough to prevent those tiny mats. I use a slicker brush only for “fluffing”. The best way to avoid mats and hairballs is to brush your cat's coat every day with a greyhound-style comb to get through the coat without snagging or breakage. Using the best Persian cat brush products will make avoiding tangles and mats much easier.
Bathe every month with specific shampoos for cats that respects the pH of their skin. A good shampoo to use for maintenance is Earthbath brand products. For a healthy, shiny coat, supplementing omega-3 fatty acids in your cat’s diet can help strengthen his/her fur, reduce shedding, reduce dryness and dandruff, and make your cat’s coat gleam. The purest, most natural source of Omega-3 is Moxxor. Your cat will thank you! The #1 question I am asked is do I recommend a groomer? The answer is always yes... The Cat Connection. It is important to use a feline-certified groomer.
Routine eye care is important too. Whether your Persian kitten is a traditional doll-face (the original) or a flat-face (peke-face), eye tearing and tear drainage is common. It is important to keep your cat's eyes clean, as infection can develop if the eyes are "crusty" from dried tears. Seasonal allergies can lead to more watering than usual. In most cases, some orange or brown color tears from Persians is not a sign of a bad infection, so don’t worry too much that there is something wrong with your cat.
I give my cats a daily treat called NaturVet – Tear Stain Plus Lutein, it's a tasty soft chew that tastes like a treat but helps to remove and prevent tear stains. It also helps support the immune system.
It is advisable to clean your kitten's ears weekly (not daily). Persian cats produce more or less earwax according to each cat. Buildup in the ear can cause infections, discomfort, and even hearing loss, all of which are easily avoidable with routine ear cleaning to prevent mites, fungi, or bacterial infections. I use Zymox Ear Cleaner.
You should trim your Persian cat's claws every 2 weeks. The best and easiest Nail clippers are Zen Clipper’s Pet Nail Clipper, which is designed to help clip the tip of the nail and not the sensitive quick portion. If you choose to have your Persian professionally groomed, nail trimming is usually included.
Declawing is cruel and should NEVER be performed on a cat. In fact, it has been outlawed in many countries and several US states. Declawing traditionally involves the amputation of the last bone of each toe. If performed on a human being, it would be like cutting off each finger at the last knuckle. It is an unnecessary surgery that provides no medical benefit to the cat. Educated pet parents can easily train their cats to use their claws in a manner that allows everyone in the household to live together happily. There is a wide variety of cat scratchers to keep your kitty from using the furniture to sharpen his/her claws.
I have tried many different foods and I feel the most suitable balanced diet for all cats (obligate carnivores) is premium cat food packed with high quality ingredients that meet high nutritional standards.
Recommended Nutritional Wet Food:
Instinct® Original kitten, Weruva® Paw Lickin' Kitten variety.
Identity®, Instinct® Original Rabbit or Duck, Halo® rabbit lamb or quail, ZIWIPeak® lamb, venison, or rabbit, Feline Natural® lamb tripe, Hound Gatos® lamb & liver, duck & liver or rabbit, KOHA® duck or kangaroo, Weruva® lamb burgerini, CatPerson® duck,
Dr. Elsey's® Cleanprotein duck, Lotus® duck or rabbit, Redbarn Naturals® lamb, TiKi® Cat Raw lamb, Essence® LIR lamb, Rawz® duck or rabbit. Farmina® N&D QUINOA FUNCTIONAL FELINE or VET LIFE FELINE ONLY...I absolutely do not recommend the Farmina® Ocean, Prime or Pumpkin lines mostly because of the alfalfa meal.
Recommended Nutritional Dry Food:
Instinct®, kitten, Acana® Kitten, Orijen® Kitten or Weruva® Kitten Paw Lickin' (it is impossible to find kitten food without chicken)
Instinct® Duck, Rabbit, NutriSource® Pure Vita Duck & Red Lentils, Nulo® Freestyle Duck & Lentils, ZIWIPeak® Air-Dried original, Petcurean® Go! Solutions (Sensitivities) Limited Ingredient Grain-Free Duck, Solid Gold® NutrientBoost Katz-N-Flocken Lamb, Brown Rice & Pearled Barley, 4Health® Untamed, Duck, Liver.
I mix dry with wet food; An all wet diet is better than an all dry diet. I feed my Persians with high-quality food because good nutrition means better overall health, greater body, and coat. The amount of costs you will save later in your Persian's life is also a plus.
Food allergies and intolerance can occur and last a lifetime. Allergies and food sensitivities can manifest as itching or diarrhea. Eating the same thing all the time can lead to these types of sensitivities, a good reason for switching things up and feeding your cat a variety of "animal-based" protein sources (not plant-based). A varied diet has additional health benefits because it enhances nutritional balance. Giving your cat the same thing, all the time can result in nutritional deficiencies. Some meats offer more taurine than others, and they all have different amounts of protein, EFAs (essential fatty acids), vitamins, and minerals.
Click here for a link to pet food intolerance test kit. I feel it is worth it so that you can elimanmiate foods causing health issues such as digestive, hair loss, scratching, weight, gas, breathing or joint pain issues.
I do not recommend chicken, turkey, beef, or fish (except hoki & herring), grains or nongrain carbohydrate sources like potatoes and legumes unless you know exactly what your cat has allergies to. Kittens do not usually have allergies or intolerances to food ingredients at such an early age.
*Before you make a decision on what food choice for your Persian, you should understand the definitions and the odds between raw, organic, natural or human-grade. A healthy diet is the most important part of caring for your Persian. They won't question what they eat … so we must. Have you ever wondered what is in the food you buy for your pets? Read this article and you will be appalled!!! I recommend reading labels before buying... Read this article to understand "What is really in pet food"
Also, it’s so important to stay on top of pet food recalls. Salmonella, melamine poisoning, and more: Bad cat food can be dangerous, sickening or even killing your pet. View full FDA recall history here.
I would give my Persians if not included in the ingredients of the food you choose: Omega 3: Beneficial for the heart, brain, and nervous system function, as well as growth and development. Soil-based pro-biotics: It is extremely important to maintain a healthy digestive system.
ORIJEN® Tundra, Grass-Fed Lamb, and/or Regional Red, Feline Natural® Booster Lamb Green Tripe Freeze-Dried, Instinct® Healthy Cravings, Rabbit or Duck, The New Zealand Natural Pet Food Meow® Green Mussel, Lamb Green Tripe, Beef & Hoki
Water intake is extremely important, Cats need water to help with digestion, blood circulation, urinary, and kidney health. Hydration is essential to your cat's health. Here is an interesting and informative article about "The Best Water for Cats to Drink". Drinking out of a water bowl is not the best option for Persians. A fountain allows Persians to get a drink without submerging their face in the water. I have tried many of "the best" but found that most of the fountains on the market are hard to clean and required cleaning way too often! I was about to give up until I found the PETKIT Stainless Steel Fountain. My Persians and I love it!
When selecting food/water dishes, the best options are ceramic, stainless steel, or melamine (a non-toxic, non-allergenic compound). Elevated bowls are recommended for a more comfortable eating and drinking height plus, it can help ease neck and back strain and reduce the risk of bloating and indigestion. Make sure to clean your Persians bowls after every feeding to ensure that no harmful bacteria develop, this will prevent health issues such as chin acne. Plastic bowls are not ideal because they are very porous, and easily harbors harmful bacteria. Flat-faced (brachycephalic) Persians prefer dishes that are shallow as their flat faces make it more challenging for them to reach into a deep bowl, also, making it difficult for Persians to eat all their food. My favorites are these two unique raised feeders Catswall multi-cat raised feeder and the UPSKY Peto Cat Bowl.
Litter Box Training:
Cats instinctively know how to use the litter box, so your kitten will already have learned how to use the litter box from their mother before they come to live with you. Here is an article that can help with the transition into your home. I know there is a wide variety of litter & boxes, but I highly recommend not changing from what your kitten is used to at first. Remember, accidents will happen. Even the smartest kitten is bound to have an occasional accident. Whatever you do, do not punish him/her. Praise your kitten when he/she does use the litter box and offer a small reward, like a treat and you will soon be back on track. Upon your kitten's arrival in his/her new home, immediately show your kitten where the litter box is located. Watch closely at first and be sure to put him/her in there after meals, long naps, and especially if you see them sniffing around or wondering around meowing as if trying to tell you they cannot remember where the box is.
Clay litter products are harmful to cats, the dust particles can cause gastrointestinal distress and is linked to upper respiratory issues. Cats can be allergic to the fine dust, or the scent can cause allergy symptoms such as sneezing, runny eyes or frequent scratching. Dr. Elsey's Precious Ultra Scented Clumping Clay Cat Litter is my preference but I also use another system that is very economical and works great, however it's too high to use with the kittens while training. I created a document for easy instructions, click here. I am often asked what type of litter box that I use. For the adult cats there is no comparison to the Litter Robot by Whisker. My kittens, however, are not introduced to the unit as it is not recommended for kittens under the age of six months. For my kittens I prefer the open walk-in type.
Cleaning your Cat's Environment:
It is extremely important to your cat's health to remember cats lick their paws. Using animal health disinfectant products to clean your cat's environment is crucial. I HIGHLY recommend a high-level disinfectant cleaner called Rescue as a daily all-purpose surface (non-food contact sanitizing) cleaner as well as a deep clean.
Exercise helps your cat maintain a healthy body weight, keep their muscles toned and strong, and keep their mind alert. You should try to spend about 10-15 minutes a few times each day engaging your Persian in some form of activity. Exercise can be fun and can offer you the opportunity to bond with your kitten. The following list will give you a few ideas...
The multi-tiered “cat towers” sold online and in pet stores are a safe way to ensure that your cat will have plenty of places to play and areas to climb for a good workout.
Keep plenty of toys around because the best strategy for a cat's workout is to give them plenty of options in the form of toys. These toys don’t have to be expensive toys from the pet store either, you can use everyday household objects as toys to encourage cats to exercise. Putting Ping-pong balls in a large cardboard box or using the bathtub to create an instant “hockey rink” for your cat. As the ball goes flying off the walls (and the cat goes flying after it), you’ll get some laughs, and your cat will get some exercise!
Have fun with lasers. Few things will entertain you more — or have your cat moving faster. Laser toys are often good entertainment but follow it up with a real toy to avoid frustration over never being able to catch the light beam. Be sure to never shine the beam directly into the cat’s eyes.
A “teaser" is extremely satisfying for the big hunter in your little cat.
Catnip is a useful tool for getting your cat to exercise, but it’s best to use it only in the proper situations. Remember that not all cats respond to catnip, and a few will become aggressive. (I personally do not have anything with catnip).
Behavior and Training:
Cats are highly intelligent animals, and they have the ability to learn a variety of behaviors and tricks. It is important to begin training your kitten as soon as possible so he/she be able to grow up to learn and respect the boundaries of your home. Even though Persians have passive personas, Persians are cats after all, and they can display normal feline behavior gone wrong, such as, jumping on the counter, play fighting, and furniture scratching, which can frustrate any pet owner. You can correct these unpleasant habits, however, if you address them when your Persian is a kitten. The Spruce Pets website has several articles concerning pet behavior such as How to Introduce Your Adult Cat to a New Kitten, How to stop cats from biting and scratching, How to Stop Your Cat from Scratching the Carpet, and many other issues.
Preventative health care is essential. Vaccinating your cat has been considered one of the easiest ways to help him or her live a long, healthy life. Your kitten will have the “1st” set of shots — vaccinated for Feline leukemia virus (FeLV), FHCPCh vaccine (as an aid in the prevention of disease caused by feline rhinotracheitis, calici, and panleukopenia viruses and Chlamydia), and Strongid (de-wormer) before you take him/her home. Continued care is especially important to keep your kitten's immune system healthy. The kitten will need the second shots along with other wellness care. Vaccination appointments are performed by a vet and should be a routine part of the care of all cats throughout their life.
I cannot emphasize enough the importance of spaying or neutering your cat or kitten. For male cats, neutering removes obnoxious hormones that cause your cat to become more aggressive and territorial, which means he is more likely to spray or “mark” the house. The urine of neutered males is free of the strong, house-permeating odorous urine. For females, there is an elevated risk of pyometra (uterine infection) if not spayed. This is very painful for the female cat and can often be fatal.
Here is a highly informative article about early neutering, additionally, here is a link to an article in CATWATCH newsletter about Alternatives for Surgical Sterilization.
Dispelling common myths of spaying and neutering:
Myth #1: Altered pets become fat and lazy. This myth is simply not true — if an altered pet becomes fat and lazy, it is not due to the sterilization, but because the pets' owners feed them too much and do not encourage them to exercise. Any altered pet fed in proper amounts and that receives adequate exercise will not become fat and lazy.
Myth #2: It is better to let a female cat have one litter before spaying her. No medical evidence exists to support the belief that having a litter is good for a pet. It is just not true.
Myth #3: I wanted my children to experience the miracle of birth. Letting a cat have a litter of kittens that may not get homes is really teaching children that animals can be created and discarded to suit people. Instead, parents should explain to their children that the real miracle is life and that preventing the births of unwanted animals can save the lives of others.
Myth #4: Some owners feel that their pets are unique, and by breeding them, they will produce offspring with the same unique characteristics. Breeding a special pet does NOT guarantee that the coveted traits will be passed on to the next generation; in fact, the resulting litter could receive all the pet's and its mate's worst characteristics!
Myth #5: My cat is purebred, and this justifies breeding it. Twenty-five percent of all the animals surrendered to shelters each year are purebreds — PLEASE do not contribute to this figure.
Responsible Pet Ownership:
Sharing a home with a much-loved cat is one of life's greatest pleasures. It is important to ensure that cats are kept in harmony with the rest of the community and the environment. To reduce some of the problems associated with cats in our society and to ensure that both cats and humans gain maximum benefit from this special relationship, all cat owners should follow the...
Ten Commandments of Responsible Pet Ownership:
Choose the right cat. Think carefully before getting a kitten and choose a breed that will fit your lifestyle.
Identify your cat in case it gets lost. Identification can be by microchip or a tag with your phone number, attached to an elasticized collar.
Keep your cat inside for its own safety and to prevent it from hunting, getting hunted, lost, or run over. Encourage your cat to stay at home by creating a caring, interesting, and attractive environment. Cats need places to climb, cubbies to hide in, things to scratch, and someone with whom to play. Catios are awesome!
Care for your cat and meet its needs for fresh food, clean water, shelter, grooming, play, and companionship.
Socialize your cat. Spend quality time with your kitten and introduce it to other animals and people when it is young and impressionable so that it grows into a loving and well-adjusted animal.
Groom your cat regularly.
Vaccinate your cat every year, worm your cat every three months, and if your cat is acting differently, see your Vet.
Use a sturdy cage to transport your cat whenever it is off your property.
Spay or neuter your cat.
A cat-only Veterinary clinic is what I recommend... click HERE to read more and I think you will agree. I found my feline-friendly Veterinary through Catvets.com.
The Pet Annual Wellness Plan (PAW) for your kitty is also a way to keep your fur-baby healthy and happy at every stage of life. In the event of an emergency, be prepared and keep an emergency clinic number on hand.
Bringing Your Kitten Home:
KITTENS MAY LEAVE FOR THEIR NEW HOME AT apprpx. 12 WEEKS OF AGE, depending on the maturity of each kitten.
It is a common misconception that kittens can be separated from their mothers as early as 8 weeks old!!! Kittens separated too early are at risk for developmental, social, and health issues. Here is more inmormation on the subject.
Kitty Cature Cattery accepts pickups only, no delivery and/or off-site transaction sites. You must have a face-to-face meeting with me, the breeder, before finalizing the transfer of kitten(s). This assures compliance with The United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Kitty Cature is not a retail pet store. This is an enthusiastic hobby.
Each adopted Kitten will go home with a complimentary kitten care package including the following: kitten food, a set of feeding bowls, toys that he/she is familiar with, and other miscellaneous items to help make the transition of your new fur-baby easier! Pictured below is an example of what one looks like.
Each adopted kitten will go home with its up-to-date vaccination records along with a health guarantee (explained in my Contract).
You will need a cat carrier. It is always safer for a pet to travel in a carrier while in a car. I will NOT let any of my kittens leave without a carrier, especially from the house to the car because Lil' kitty could escape. Kittens are usually scared and can easily get hurt if not placed securely in a carrier. I have cardboard carriers available to purchase for $10.00 (pictured below).
Meeting the Family:
Naturally, everyone in the family, especially the kids, will be excited to see the new arrival. Children should be asked to meet the new kitty calmly and quietly. Have them sit on the floor and allow the kitten to come to them to investigate. Have the child hold out a hand to be sniffed or pull a toy around for it to see. Cats are, by nature, highly territorial, which means they need a place to call their own: it is important to their emotional well-being. It is best to have a special "kitty corner" ready when he/she arrives that has toys, (especially interactive toys), a tower, and a cubby hole. This way your kitty will feel safe in this area and can watch until ready to interact with the new family. (remember to put a litter box and food/water bowls close by).
Your goal is to help make your furry family member feels comfortable and safe as quickly as possible. Your new kitten is already in a state of stress from being put in the carrier without momma or siblings, the scary car ride, and having been brought to a new home with new people in strange surroundings. Be sure that you continue with the same food and litter your new kitten is used to as they are undergoing enough changes as it is. Just as you wouldn't leave a toddler home alone to run around unsupervised, it doesn't make sense to leave kittens unsupervised either. You would be surprised at the places they can find to hide that you didn't know existed. Some shy cats and kittens may hide under a piece of furniture while others will be ready to come out and explore right away. Spend as much time as possible in the room with the kitten, speaking gently and soothingly, but don't try to force it out of hiding. The cat will let you know when it is ready to begin exploring more of the house.
Picking a new kitten up off the ground usually frightens it, whether by a child or an adult. Be sure to teach children how to hold a cat properly with one hand under the bum and one under the front legs held up against their body. A kitten should never be held against its will... It will not want to be held at all if it thinks you won't let it go when it wants. Be sure children understand this and never leave the very young alone with a kitten. Make sure to also kitty proof the house. One way to is to wrap up cords that are easily accessible and chew-able to kittens. Never allow a child to encourage a kitten to pounce on their fingers. It may seem cute at first but soon becomes a very painful game. Your hand should never be considered a plaything.
Just like with human babies, we go to great lengths to safeguard our fur babies — which is why we're always hiding little dangers like rubber bands and cleaning supplies. But what you may not know is that it's totally possible you have poisonous items that can kill your cat hanging out in plain sight in the form of that lovely little plant on your coffee table.
There are over 700 varieties of plants that can be harmful to your cat if ingested; below are 12 of the most common. Tina Wismer, veterinarian and medical director of the ASPCA’s poison control center, suggests if you suspect your cat has eaten any part of the plants listed below, whether or not it's showing symptoms, call your vet immediately.
1. Lilies (all varieties)
2. Any calcium oxalate plants — including philodendrons. Chinese evergreens, Virginia creepers, spinach, agaves, tea leaves, rhubarb, and taro.
3. Dracaena plants — There are about 40 varieties of this popular, leafy houseplant, including the dragon plant.
4. Autumn crocus
7. Sago palm
11. Aloe Vera
12. Ivy (all forms)
Excerpts taken from this article, which also contains more details...please read more.
Information on this site is for general informational purposes only and is provided without warranty or guarantee of any kind. This site is not intended to replace professional advice from your own veterinarian and nothing on this site is intended as a medical diagnosis or treatment. Any questions about your animal's health should be directed to your veterinarian.