Persian Care 101

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Caring for a Persian cat is very important to maintain their beauty, but most importantly their health and happiness too.

Please be a responsible, attentive cat owner.

Keep your cat healthy and visit the vet for routine care. If you suspect your cat is sick, call your vet immediately.

Litter box training

Cats instinctively know how to use the litter box, so your kitten will already have learned how to use the litter box from her mother before she comes to live with you. I know there is a wide variety of litter & boxes, but I highly recommend not changing from what your kitten is used to at first. Remember, accidents will happen. Even the smartest kitten is bound to have the occasional accident. Whatever you do, don't punish him/her. Praise your kitten when he/she does use the litter box and maybe offer a small reward, like a treat and you'll soon be back on track. Upon your kitten's arrival in his/her new home, immediately show your kitten where the litter box is located. Watch closely at first and be sure to put him/her in there after meals and long naps, especially if you see her sniffing around or crouching. 

 

Clay litter products are harmful to cats, the dust particles found in silica-based cat litter can cause gastrointestinal distress or the sodium bentonite clay found in “clumping” cat litters is linked to upper respiratory issues. Cats can be allergic to the fine dust or the scent causing allergy symptoms such as sneezing, runny eyes or frequent scratching. I love and still use the the easy/economical, natural litter box system using a Purina Tidy Cats Breeze litter box and Tractor Supply pine pellets. I made a page with instructions, please click here). How ever my kittens cannot get into the box (too high) so they are trained on Dr. Elsey's Precious Cat Ultra Clumping Cat Litter. Please click here  for product info.

Caring for your Persian's coat

Daily grooming is very important. You should get your kitten used to a routine from a young age. Using a metal comb takes out the dead hair without removing the healthy coat. Brushes should not be used as a daily grooming tool because the brush does not get down deep enough to get those tiny mats. I use a brush only for “fluffing”.  The best way to avoid mats and hairballs is to brush your cats coat daily and bathe every 2 to 3 months with specific shampoo for cats that respects the pH of their skin. Before you start, remember to clip your cat's claws just before bath time. I recommend Les Poochs products for all your grooming needs.

Caring for your Persian's ears

Persian cats produce more or less earwax according to each cat, but in general it is advisable to clean their ears weekly.  Buildup in the ear can cause infections, discomfort and even hearing loss, all of which are easily avoidable with routine ear cleaning to prevent mites, fungi, or bacterial infections. I use Les Poochs ear wash 

Caring for your Persian's eyes

Persians have flat faces with a short nose and big round eyes. Their face structure causes them to have eye tearing and tear drainage. It is important to keep your cats eyes clean, as infection can develop if the eyes are "crusty" from dried tears. Seasonal allergies can lead to more watering than usual. But in most cases, some orange or brown color tears from Persians is not a sign of a bad infection, so don’t worry too much that there is something wrong with your cat.  A bit of preventive care and close attention to the under eye area will keep your furry friend looking their absolute best!  

Cat Tear Stain Remover by Eye Envy is a product that I use daily for my Persians eyes. I like Well & Good Cat Tear Stain Remover too.

Caring for your Persian's claws

You should trim your Persian cat's claws every 2 weeks. If you choose to have your Persian professionally groomed, nail trimming is usually included. Here is a great article on how to clip your cat's claws.

Declawing is cruel and should NEVER be performed on a cat. In fact, it has been outlawed in many countries and several US states. Declawing traditionally involves the amputation of the last bone of each toe. If performed on a human being, it would be like cutting off each finger at the last knuckle. It is an unnecessary surgery that provides no medical benefit to the cat. Educated pet parents can easily train their cats to use their claws in a manner that allows everyone in the household to live together happily.

 

Food, water, and dishes

I have tried many different foods recommended mostly by other breeders. I feed my cats and kittens Natural Balance Limited Ingredient Diets® High Protein Salmon Formula topped off with a splash of bone broth to boost their immune system and maintain joint health. The benefits of feeding higher quality food cannot be understated. The amount of costs you will save later in your cats life is a plus. Food allergies & intolerance can occur and last a lifetime.Please click here to read an article about the importance of nutrition

Food bowls made of stainless steel cleaned daily ensure that no harmful bacteria will develop inside, preventing cat health issues such as chin acne. Plastic is porous, and easily harbors harmful bacteria that can cause health issues. Use stainless steel, porcelain, or glass are fine to use, just remember that Flat-faced or (brachycephalic) Persians have difficulty eating out of deep dishes. Here is another recommendation. My favorite is Catswall multi-cat raised feeder.

Cleaning your cat's environment 

I HIGHLY recommend a high level disinfectant cleaner such as Clorox Fuzion Cleaner Disinfectant which is specially formulated to provide safe removal of surface contaminants. It is extremely important to your cats health. Remember cats lick their paws so the product you use to clean counter tops and floors needs to be animal safe. Another suggested consideration is spraying DioxiGuard 72 PLUS on your cat and your clothing to prevent acquiring diseases after you take your cat to the vet's office, groomer, pet shop, when you are around other animals, or even when visitors come into your house.

Exercise

Exercise helps your cat maintain a healthy body weight, keep their muscles toned and strong, and keep their mind alert and active as well. Exercise is also fun and can offer us opportunities to bond with our pets. You should try to spend about 10-15 minutes a few times each day engaging your cat in some form of activity.

The following list will give you a few ideas...

  • The multi-tiered “cat towers” sold online and in pet stores are a good way to ensure that your cat will have plenty of places to play and areas to climb for a good workout. 

  • Keep plenty of toys around because the best strategy for a cats workout is to give them plenty of options in the form of toys. These toys don’t have to be expensive toys from the pet store either, you can use everyday household objects as toys to encourage cats to exercise. Think ping-pong balls, balled-up pipe cleaners, putting a ball in a large cardboard box, or use the bathtub to create an instant “hockey rink” for your cat. As the ball goes flying off the walls (and the cat goes flying after it), you’ll get some laughs and your cat will get some exercise!

  • Have fun with lasers. Speaking of laughs, few things will entertain you more — or have your cat moving faster. Laser toys are often good entertainment, but follow it up with a real toy to avoid frustration over never being able to catch the light beam. Be sure to never shine the beam directly into the cat’s eyes.

  • A wand or fishing-pole-type toy (sold as a "teaser" in most stores) is usually quite funny, and extremely satisfying for the big hunter in your little cat.

  • Catnip is a useful tool for getting your cat to exercise, but it’s best to use it only in the proper situations. Remember that not all cats respond to catnip, and of those that do, a few will become aggressive. (I personally don't have anything with catnip)

Behavior and training

The Spruce Pets website has several articles concerning pet behavior such as How to stop cats from biting and scratchingHow to Introduce Your Adult Cat to a New OneHow to Stop Your Cat From Scratching the Carpet​ and many other issues.

Vaccines

Preventative health care is essential. Vaccinating your cat has long been considered one of the easiest ways to help him or her live a long, healthy life. Your kitten will have the “1st” set of shots — vaccinated for Feline leukemia virus (FeLV), FHCPCh vaccine (as an aid in the prevention of disease caused by feline rhinotracheitis, calici, and panleukopenia viruses and Chlamydia), and Strongid (dewarmer) before you take him/her home. Continued care is very important to keep your kittens immune system healthy. The kitten will need the 2nd shots along with other wellness care. Vaccination appointments are performed by a vet, and should be a routine part of the care of all cats throughout their life. 

 

Neutering/Spaying

Yes, you should neuter or spay your kitten. For male cats, neutering removes obnoxious hormones that cause your cat to become more aggressive and territorial, which means he is more likely to spray or “mark” the house. The urine of neutered males is free of the very strong, house permeating odorous urine. For females, there is a high risk of pyometra (uterine infection) if they are not spayed. This is very painful for the female cat, and can often be fatal. 

I cannot emphasize enough the importance of spaying or neutering your cat or kitten. The CFA website has a very informative article about early neutering, click here to read more. Additionally, here is a link to an article in CATWATCH newsletter about Alternatives for Surgical Sterilization

 

Dispelling common myths of spaying and neutering:

  • Myth #1: Altered pets become fat and lazy. This myth is simply not true — if an altered pet becomes fat and lazy, it is not due to the sterilization, but because the pets' owners feed them too much and do not encourage them to exercise. Any altered pet fed in proper amounts and that receives adequate exercise will not become fat and lazy.

  • Myth #2: It is better to let a female cat have one litter before spaying her. No medical evidence exists to support the belief that having a litter is good for a pet. It's just not true.

  • Myth #3: I wanted my children to experience the miracle of birth. Letting a cat have a litter of kittens that may not get homes is really teaching children that animals can be created and discarded to suit people. Instead, parents should explain to their children that the real miracle is life and that preventing the births of unwanted animals can save the lives of others. 

  • Myth #4: Some owners feel that their pets are unique, and by breeding them, they will produce offspring with the same unique characteristics. Breeding a special pet does NOT guarantee that the coveted traits will be passed on to the next generation; in fact, the resulting litter could receive all the pet's and its mate's worst characteristics! 

  • Myth #5: My cat is a purebred, and this justifies breeding it. Twenty-five percent of all the animals surrendered to shelters each year are purebreds — PLEASE do not contribute to this figure.

Responsible pet ownership

Sharing a home with a much-loved cat is one of life's greatest pleasures. It is important to ensure that cats are kept in harmony with the rest of the community and the environment. To reduce some of the problems associated with cats in our society and to ensure that both cats and humans gain maximum benefit from this special relationship, all cat owners should follow the...

Ten Commandments of Responsible Pet Ownership:

1. Choose the right cat. Think carefully before getting a kitten and choose a breed that will fit your lifestyle.

2. Identify your cat in case it gets lost. Identification can be by microchip or a tag with your phone number, attached to an elasticized collar.

3. Keep your cat inside for it's own safety and to prevent it from hunting, getting hunted, lost, or run over. Encourage your cat to stay at home by creating a caring, interesting, and attractive environment. Cats need places to climb, cubbies to hide in, things to scratch, and someone with whom to play. Catio's are awesome!

4. Care for your cat and meet it's needs for fresh food, clean water, shelter, grooming, play, and companionship.

5. Socialize your cat. Spend quality time with your kitten, and introduce it to other animals and people when it is young and impressionable so that it grows into a loving and well-adjusted animal.

6. Groom your cat regularly.

8. Vaccinate your cat every year, worm your cat every three months, and if your cat is acting differently, see your Vet.

9. Use a sturdy cage to transport your cat whenever it is off your property.

10. Spay or neuter your cat.

Veterinary care

A cat-only Veterinary clinic is what I recommend...click HERE to read more and I think you'll agree. I found my feline friendly Veterinary through Catvets.com. In the event of an emergency, be prepared and keep an emergency clinic number on hand.

Bringing your kitten home

  • Kittens may leave for their new home at 12 weeks of age, depending on the maturity of each kitten. Here is a very well written article titled How Young is Too Young by Barbara C. French.

  • Kitty Cature Cattery accepts pickups only, no delivery and/or off-site transaction sites. You must have a face to face meeting with me, the breeder, before finalizing the transfer of kitten(s). This assures compliance with The United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Kitty Cature is not a retail pet store. This is a passionate hobby.

  • Each adopted Kitten will go home with a complementary kitten care package including the following: kitten food, cat treat recipes, toys that he/she is familiar with, and other miscellaneous items to help make the transition of your new fur-baby easier! Pictured below is an example of what one looks like.

  • Each adopted kitten will go home with their up-to-date vaccination records along with a health guarantee (explained in my Contract).

  • You will need a cat carrier. It is always safer for a pet to travel in a carrier while in a car. I will NOT let any of my kittens leave without a carrier. It is not okay to hold the kitten in the car. Kittens are usually scared and can easily get hurt if not placed securely in a carrier. I have cardboard carriers available to purchase for $10.00 (pictured below).

Meeting the family

Naturally, everyone in the family, especially the kids, will be excited to see the new arrival. Children should be asked to meet the new kitty calmly and quietly. Have them sit on the floor and allow the kitten to come to them to investigate. Have the child hold out a hand to be sniffed or pull a toy around for it to see.​ Cats are, by nature, highly territorial, which means they need a place to call their own: it is important to their emotional well-being. It is best to keep your kitten in one room such as your bedroom for the first few days (remember to put a litter box and food/water bowls in the room with the kitten). Cats love their homes, and you too, of course!

 

Your goal is to help make your furry family member feels comfortable and safe as quickly as possible. Your new kitten is already in a state of stress from the being put in the carrier without momma or siblings, the scary car ride, and having been brought to a new home with new people in strange surroundings. Be sure that you continue with the same food and litter your new kitten is used to as they are undergoing enough changes as it is. Just as you wouldn't leave a toddler home alone to run around unsupervised, it doesn't make sense to leave kittens unsupervised either. You would be surprised at the places they can find to hide that you didn't know existed. Some shy cats and kittens may hide under a piece of furniture while others will be ready to come out and explore right away. Spend as much time as possible in the room with the kitten, speaking gently and soothingly, but don't try to force it out of hiding. The cat will let you know when it is ready to begin exploring more of the house.

Picking a new kitten up off the ground usually frightens it, whether by a child or an adult. Be sure to teach children how to hold a cat properly with one hand under the bum and one under the front legs, held up against their body. A kitten should never be held against its will....It will not want to be held at all if it thinks you won't let it go when it wants. Be sure children understand this and never leave the very young alone with a kitten. Make sure to also kitty proof the house. One way to is wrap up cords that are easily accessible and chew-able to kittens. Never allow a child to encourage a kitten to pounce on their fingers. It may seem cute at first, but soon becomes a very painful game. Your hand should never be considered a play thing.

Toxic plants

Just like with human babies, we go to great lengths to safeguard our fur babies — which is why we're always hiding little dangers like rubber bands and cleaning supplies. But what you may not know is that it's totally possible you have poisonous items that can kill your cat hanging out in plain sight in the form of that lovely little plant on your coffee table.

There are over 700 varieties of plants that can be harmful to your cat if ingested; below are 12 of the most common. Tina Wismer, veterinarian and medical director of the ASPCA’s poison control center, suggests if you suspect your cat has eaten any part of the plants listed below, whether or not its showing symptoms, call your vet immediately.

1. Lilies (all varieties) 

2. Any calcium oxalate plants — including philodendrons. Chinese evergreens, Virginia creepers, spinach, agaves, tea leaves, rhubarb and taro. 

3. Dracaena plants — There are about 40 varieties of this popular, leafy houseplant, including the dragon plant. 

4. Autumn crocus 

5. Daffodils 

6. Tulips 

7. Sago palm

8. Azaleas/rhododendrons

9. Kalanchoe 

10. Marijuana

11. Aloe Vera

12. Ivy (all forms)

Excerpts taken from this article, which also contains more details if you are interested.

Information on this site is for general informational purposes only and is provided without warranty or guarantee of any kind. This site is not intended to replace professional advice from your own veterinarian and nothing on this site is intended as a medical diagnosis or treatment. Any questions about your animal's health should be directed to your veterinarian.

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